Know about the Colon Cancer

Colon Cancer

What is Colon Cancer

Colon cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the large intestine (colon). The colon is the final part of the digestive tract.

Symptoms of Colon Cancer

  • Constipation or Diarrhea
  • Blood in your stool
  • Abdominal discomfort
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Bloated Stomach

Cause of Colon Cancer

In general colon cancer begins when healthy cells in the colon develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. Healthy cells grow and divide in an orderly way to keep your body functioning normally. But when a cell’s DNA is damaged and becomes cancerous, cells continue to divide – even when new cells aren’t needed. As the cells accumulate, they form a tumor. With time, the cancer cells can grow to invade and destroy normal tissue nearby. And cancerous cells can travel to other parts of the body to form deposits there(metastasis).

Risk Factors of Colon Cancer

  • Older agr
  • A personal history of colorectal cancer or polyps
  • Inflammatory intestinal conditions
  • Inherited syndromes that increase colon risk
  • Family history of colon cancer
  • Low-fiber, high-fat diet
  • Smoking and Alchohol
  • Radiation therapy for cancer

Screening Colon Cancer

Doctors recommend that people with an average risk of colon cancer consider colon cancer screening around age 45. But people with a family history of colon cancer should consider screening sooner. Several screening options exist – each with its own benefits and drawbacks. Talk about your options with your doctor, and together you can decide which tests are appropriate for you.

Reduce the risk of Colon Cancer

  • Eat a variety of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains
  • Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all
  • Stop smoking
  • Exercise most days of the week
  • Maintain a healthy weight

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